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cocos nucifera l

Als tropische Pflanze ist die Kokospalme sehr wärmeliebend und verträgt keinen Frost. The tall cultivars are … In the Philippines, the coconut is commonly called the "tree of life". The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the palm tree family (Arecaceae) and the only living species of the genus Cocos. [32] Thor Heyerdahl provides an alternative, and much shorter, estimate based on his first-hand experience crossing the Pacific Ocean on the raft Kon-Tiki: "The nuts we had in baskets on deck remained edible and capable of germinating the whole way to Polynesia. Cocos nucifera. IPNI Life Sciences Identifier (LSID) Family as entered in IPNI Arecaceae Links Nomenclatural link Calappa nucifera (L.) Kuntze, Revis. [128], Cocamidopropyl betaine (CAPB) is a surfactant manufactured from coconut oil that is increasingly used as an ingredient in personal hygiene products and cosmetics, such as shampoos, liquid soaps, cleansers and antiseptics, among others. Reference page. Generally coconut is classified into dwarf and tall groups. Nor were there coconuts on the east side of the African coast until Vasco da Gama, nor in the Caribbean when first visited by Christopher Columbus. Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais. capuliformis Blume Cocos nucifera var. The 2014 study hypothesized that instead the species evolved while on coral atolls in the Pacific, and then dispersed to the continents. [62] This figure has been questioned based on the extremely small sample size that forms the basis of the paper that makes this claim. Coconut, Cocos nucifera L., is the only species in Cocos genus, within Aracaceae family, Cocoeae order. [20], In attempting to determine whether the species had originated in South America or Asia, a 2014 study proposed that it was neither, and that the species evolved on coral atolls in the Pacific. They can be sorted mainly into tall cultivars, dwarf cultivars, and hybrid cultivars (hybrids between talls and dwarfs). Palm wine is distilled to produce arrack. The name comes from the old Portuguese and Spanish word coco, meaning 'head' or 'skull', after the three indentations on the coconut shell that resemble facial features. Some cultivars such as 'Fiji dwarf' form a large bulb at the lower stem and others are cultivated to produce very sweet coconut water with orange-coloured husks (king coconut) used entirely in fruit stalls for drinking (Sri Lanka, India). (2015), however, suggests that their diversity in New Zealand indicate that they evolved endemically, rather than being introduced to the islands by long-distance dispersal. (January 27, 1967). Severe frost is usually fatal, although they have been known to recover from temperatures of −4 °C (25 °F). Aufgrund ihrer schwimmfähigen und salzwasserfesten Samen ist sie mittlerweile an fast allen tropischen Küsten verbreitet. [53] Coconuts also need high humidity (at least 70–80%) for optimum growth, which is why they are rarely seen in areas with low humidity. As a result, the Cocos nucifera genome was estimated to be 2.42 gigabases (Gb). Die Kokospalme wird aus einer Kokosnuss gezogen. [46], Botanically, the coconut fruit is a drupe, not a true nut. Decayed roots are replaced regularly as the tree grows new ones. It forms the basis of wedding and worship rituals in Hinduism, a coconut religion in Vietnam, and features in the origin myths of several societies. … These provide substantial circumstantial evidence that deliberate Austronesian voyagers were involved in carrying coconuts across the Pacific Ocean and that they could not have dispersed worldwide without human agency. [105], The sap derived from incising the flower clusters of the coconut is drunk as neera, also known as toddy or tubâ (Philippines), tuak (Indonesia and Malaysia) or karewe (fresh and not fermented, collected twice a day, for breakfast and dinner) in Kiribati. calimbahin Blume Cocos nucifera var. ", "Indian state decides coconut trees are no longer trees but palms", "Coconut tree loses tree status in Goa – Times of India", "Medieval Sourcebook: Ibn Battuta: Travels in Asia and Africa 1325–1354", "Australia has a lot of coconut palms — so why don't we have a coconut industry? It is now the world's largest producer of coconuts. [134] In the foothills of the temple town of Palani, before going to worship Murugan for the Ganesha, coconuts are broken at a place marked for the purpose. Cocos nana Griff. The gross production was 15 million tonnes. The Pacific group is the only one to display clear genetic and phenotypic indications that they were domesticated; including dwarf habit, self-pollination, and the round "niu vai" fruit morphology with larger endosperm-to-husk ratios. It is also often stated that coconuts can travel 110 days, or 3,000 miles (4,800 km), by sea and still be able to germinate. [129], The coconut was a critical food item for the people of Polynesia, and the Polynesians brought it with them as they spread to new islands.[131]. In home gardens, they should be planted where they will receive full sun and not be crowded. [73] Training schools for pig-tailed macaques still exist both in southern Thailand and in the Malaysian state of Kelantan. Gallery 1 records. [58][59] The tall variety is outcrossing while dwarf palms are incrossing, which has led to a much greater degree of genetic diversity within the tall group. [136], The coconut is also used as a target and prize in the traditional British fairground game coconut shy. [133] Irrespective of their religious affiliations, fishermen of India often offer it to the rivers and seas in the hopes of having bountiful catches. They are considered a rare delicacy, as harvesting the buds kills the palms. [36] In west-central India, numerous fossils of Cocos-like fruits, leaves, and stems have been recovered from the Deccan Traps. [86] The annual rainy season known locally as khareef or monsoon makes coconut cultivation easy on the Arabian east coast. A coconut (Sanskrit: narikela) is an essential element of rituals in Hindu tradition. coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) Christopher Lew Writer’s Comment: Dr. Gepts’ “Evolution of Crop Plants” was one of the most interesting classes I had the pleasure to take as a Plant Sci-ences undergraduate. A dried half coconut shell with husk can be used to buff floors. It is a perennial multipurpose palm with great importance in sustaining the life of the people who grow them for … Fruits. Metrics details. Gießen Sie die Palme möglichst mit lauwarmem und weichem Wasser, wenn möglich Regenwasser, sobald das Substrat oben abtrocknet. Some of the dwarf cultivars such as 'Malayan dwarf' have shown some promising resistance to lethal yellowing, while other cultivars such as 'Jamaican tall' are highly affected by the same plant disease. Mit viel Glück zeigt sich der Keimling nach acht Monaten. [87] The artificial landscaping may have been the cause for lethal yellowing, a viral coconut palm disease that leads to the death of the tree. The production of coconuts plays an important role in the economy, with 25% of cultivated land (around 3.56 million hectares) used for coconut plantations and approximately 25 to 33% of the population reliant on coconuts for their livelihood. In Cambodia, the roots are used in traditional medicine as a treatment for dysentery. Coconut, Cocos nucifera L., is a tree that is cultivated for its multiple utilities, mainly for its nutritional and medicinal values. Cocos nucifera L. Contact us about this record. Die Nuss sollte dabei halb aus der Erde herausschauen. The evolutionary origin of the coconut is under dispute, with theories stating that it may have evolved in Asia, South America, or on islands in the Pacific. Cocos nucifera L. JAMES A. ALLEN Paul Smiths College Paul Smiths, NY ARECACEAE (PALM FAMILY) Palmas cocos Miller Coco, coco de aqua, coco-palm, coconut, cocotero, niu, palma de coco (Little and Skolmen 1989) as 4 to 5 years in dwarf varieties and 7 to 8 years in tall vari-eties. The various parts of the coconut have a number of culinary uses. Nevertheless, the authors Gomez-Navarro et al. Pl. A young, well-maintained tree can produce around 300 litres (66 imp gal; 79 US gal) of toddy per year, while a 40-year-old tree may yield around 400 litres (88 imp gal; 110 US gal). [141], According to urban legend, more deaths are caused by falling coconuts than by sharks annually. [40], Cocos nucifera is a large palm, growing up to 30 m (100 ft) tall, with pinnate leaves 4–6 m (13–20 ft) long, and pinnae 60–90 cm (2–3 ft) long; old leaves break away cleanly, leaving the trunk smooth. (1993). Volume 1. Training without Reward: Traditional Training of Pig-tailed Macaques as Coconut Harvesters. [50] However, there is some evidence that it may be polygamomonoecious, and may occasionally have bisexual flowers. An der Palme, die aus den feuchtwarmen Tropen stammt, bilden sich pro Jahr etwa 30 bis 40 Kokosnüsse, an optimalen Standorten können es bis zu 150 Nüsse sein. Book Handbook of Nuts. DOI link for COCOS NUCIFERA L. (ARECACEAE) Coconut. The plant is originally from Southeast Asia (Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines) and the islands between the Indian and Pacific Oceans. The term "coconut" (or the archaic "cocoanut") can refer to the whole coconut palm, the seed, or the fruit, which botanically is a drupe, not a nut. However, they can be found in humid areas with low annual precipitation such as in Karachi, Pakistan, which receives only about 250 mm (9.8 in) of rainfall per year, but is consistently warm and humid. [4][5][6] Coco and coconut apparently came from 1521 encounters by Portuguese and Spanish explorers with Pacific islanders, with the coconut shell reminding them of a ghost or witch in Portuguese folklore called coco (also côca). Half coconut shells are used in theatre Foley sound effects work, struck together to create the sound effect of a horse's hoofbeats. T. Pradeepkumar, B. Sumajyothibhaskar, and K.N. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. (synonym) Cocos nucifera var. [41] On fertile soil, a tall coconut palm tree can yield up to 75 fruits per year, but more often yields less than 30. Die Behandlung muss meist mehrmals wiederholt werden. Coconut, Cocos nucifera L., is the only species in Cocos genus, within Aracaceae family, Cocoeae order. Cocos-like fossils of fruits include "Cocos" intertrappeansis, "Cocos" pantii, and "Cocos" sahnii. [135], The flowers are used sometimes in wedding ceremonies in Cambodia. [138], Some South Asian, Southeast Asian, and Pacific Ocean cultures have origin myths in which the coconut plays the main role. 15. [95], Coconut milk and coconut cream extracted from grated coconut is frequently added to various dessert and savory dishes, as well as in curries and stews. The tradition began in the 1910s, and has continued since. [68], The coconut palm is damaged by the larvae of many Lepidoptera (butterfly and moth) species which feed on it, including the African armyworm (Spodoptera exempta) and Batrachedra spp. Ein breiter, mit Tongranulat gefüllter Untersetzer unter dem Pflanzgefäß, in dem immer etwas Wasser steht, kann die Luft ebenfalls mit Feuchtigkeit anreichern. [67] Yellowing diseases affect plantations in Africa, India, Mexico, the Caribbean and the Pacific Region. [citation needed]. 2: 1188 (1753). [80], Coconut flour has also been developed for use in baking, to combat malnutrition.[96]. Its fruits are similar to the coconut, but smaller. [34][35] The vast majority of Cocos-like fossils have been recovered generally from only two regions in the world: New Zealand and west-central India. [23][24][25][20] Their cultivation and spread was closely tied to the early migrations of the Austronesian peoples who carried coconuts as canoe plants to islands they settled. Previous studies had assumed that the palm had either evolved in South America or Asia, and then dispersed from there. The exocarp and mesocarp make up the "husk" of the coconuts. 2018. Adkins S.W., M. Foale and Y.M.S. Kokosnüsse bilden sich in der Regel nur an Freilandpflanzen im tropischen Klima. Contact us about this record. A coco chocolatero was a cup used to serve small quantities of beverages (such as chocolate drinks) between the 17th and 19th centuries in countries such as Mexico, Guatemala, and Venezuela. Herbal Medicine Research Centre, Institute Medical Research. SSN 49488 . Coconut palms are believed to be largely cross-pollinated, although most dwarf varieties are self-pollinating.[52]. [citation needed], A full-sized coconut weighs about 1.4 kg (3.1 lb). [55][56], Variants of C. nucifera are also categorized as tall (var. In Johann Vollmann and Istvan Rajcan (Eds.). Coconut palms are hard to establish in dry climates, and cannot grow there without frequent irrigation; in drought conditions, the new leaves do not open well, and older leaves may become desiccated; fruit also tends to be shed. Chan, Edward and Craig R. Elevitch. Cocos Nucifera Oil goodie. In the Malay language, it is pokok seribu guna ("the tree of a thousand uses"). Jetzt noch mehr Pflanzen und Gartenbedarf im MEIN SCHÖNER GARTEN-Shop entdecken! In Thailand, the coconut husk is used as a potting medium to produce healthy forest tree saplings. The name coconut is derived from the 16th-century Portuguese and Spanish word coco, meaning 'head' or 'skull' after the three indentations on the coconut shell that resemble facial features. creolisch : —-, Vorkommen. Nata de coco, also called coconut gel, is another jelly-like coconut product made from fermented coconut water. The coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) is an important fruit tree in the tropical regions and the fruit can be made into a variety of foods and beverages (Figure 1). Kokospalmen haben einen sehr hohen Wasserbedarf. Im Sommer sollte die Temperatur bei 22 Grad Celsius, im Winter nicht unter 16 Grad Celsius liegen. "Complete sequence and comparative analysis of the chloroplast genome of coconut palm (, The Coconut Odyssey – the bounteous possibilities of the tree of life, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, "Report: 26 provinces quarantined for coconut pest", "Coconut production in 2018, Crops/Regions/World list/Production Quantity (pick lists)", "Petenes mangroves: types and severity of threats". Junge Pflanzen der Kokospalmen - nur so werden sie in der Natur nicht ausgepflanzt. ; Links []. Er wächst zunächst in der noch geschlossenen Kokosnuss und drängt dann durch eines der Löcher ans Licht. Every single one of these was ruined by the sea water. Standort. [91] Coconut chips, made from oven-baked coconut meat, have been sold in the tourist regions of Hawaii and the Caribbean.[104]. 240 p. Bertrand, Mireille. Elzebroek, A.T.G. Omani people needed the coir rope from the coconut fiber to stitch together their traditional seagoing dhow vessels in which nails were never used. Coconut trunks are used for building small bridges and huts; they are preferred for their straightness, strength, and salt resistance. The leaves are used for thatching houses, or for decorating climbing frames and meeting rooms in Cambodia, where the plant is known as dôô:ng.[113]. The hard shells, fibrous husks and long pinnate leaves can be used as material to make a variety of products for furnishing and decoration. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI). Flowering occurs continuously. The 2014 coral atoll origin hypothesis proposed that the coconut had dispersed in an island hopping fashion using the small, sometimes transient, coral atolls. They include morphotaxa like Palmoxylon sundaran, Palmoxylon insignae, and Palmocarpon cocoides. The coconut populations in the island show genetic admixture between the two subpopulations indicating that Pacific coconuts were brought by the Austronesian settlers that later interbred with the local Indo-Atlantic coconuts. Wenn sie reif sind, verfärben sie sich von Grün nach Gelb. The conditions required for coconut trees to grow without any care are: The main limiting factor for most locations which satisfy the rainfall and temperature requirements is canopy growth, except those locations near coastlines, where the sandy soil and salt spray limit the growth of most other trees. Philippine Medicinal Plants. Many of the smallest coral islands in the Florida Keys are known to have abundant coconut palms sprouting from coconuts that have drifted or been deposited by ocean currents. In 1987, a "coconut law" was signed by Governor Edwin Edwards exempting from insurance liability any decorated coconut "handed" from a Zulu float. However their historical distribution was likely more limited. [25][22][32] During the colonial era, Pacific coconuts were further introduced to Mexico from the Spanish East Indies via the Manila galleons. Govaerts, R. et al. English: coconut palm; copra; Spanish: coco de agua; cocotero; palma de coco; palmera cocotera; palmera de coco Int J Curr Pharm Res. "Handbook: Coconut husk as a potting medium". Additionally, a genetically distinct subpopulation of coconut on the Pacific coast of Latin America has undergone a genetic bottleneck resulting from a founder effect; however, its ancestral population is the Pacific coconut from the Philippines. Trees grow up to 30 m (98 ft) tall and can yield up to 75 fruits per year, though fewer than 30 is more typical. Cocos nucifera L. Arecaceae Coconut, Narel. [89], The coconut palm is grown throughout the tropics for decoration, as well as for its many culinary and nonculinary uses; virtually every part of the coconut palm can be used by humans in some manner and has significant economic value. Dried coconut leaves can be burned to ash, which can be harvested for lime. (2006). Pollen shedding overlaps with the opening of the female flowers. 2012; 4:62–3. Entspricht der Cocos nucifera dem Qualitätslevel, die ich als zahlender Kunde in dieser Preisklasse erwarten kann? [42] A frayed piece of root can also be used as a toothbrush. ",, "Germination rate is the significant characteristic determining coconut palm diversity". J. L. Chan 1, L. Saénz 1, C. Talavera 1, R. Hornung 2, M. Robert 1 & C. Oropeza 1 Plant Cell Reports volume 17, pages 515 – 521 (1998)Cite this article. Coconut buttons are often used for Hawaiian aloha shirts. [12] The earliest direct description is given by Cosmas Indicopleustes in his Topographia Christiana written around 545, referred to as "the great nut of India". It was first developed for commercial cultivation in the Philippines and is used widely in Philippine cuisine for desserts, drinks, and pastries. Narali Purnima is celebrated on a full moon day which usually signifies the end of monsoon season in India. Due to growing sedentary lifestyles and heavy-handed landscaping, a decline in these traditional farming and soil-fixing techniques has occurred. Von luxuriösen Handcremes über traumhaft duftende Badezusätze und Pflege-Shampoos bis hin zur schmeichelnden Body-Butter: Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) … The cups were frequently engraved and decorated with precious metals.[115]. [82] Other states, such as Goa, Maharashtra, Odisha, West Bengal, and those in the northeast (Tripura and Assam) account for the remaining productions. Coconut milk contains 5% to 20% fat, while coconut cream contains around 20% to 50% fat. Samosir (eds.) [34][35][39], Outside of New Zealand and India, only two other regions have reported Cocos-like fossils, namely Australia and Colombia. The coconut fruit is botanically classified as a monospermic drupe; a single embryo is Heyerdahl, Thor. Produkteigenschaften. The falling nature of their mature fruit has led to preoccupation with death by coconut.[3]. Das Pflanzsubstrat muss unbedingt locker und durchlässig sein. [7][8] In the West it was originally called nux indica, a name used by Marco Polo in 1280 while in Sumatra. Antimicrobial and antiviral activities of polyphenolics from Cocos nucifera Linn. Trivialname. Cocos nucifera L. dwarf coconut; genome assembly; Illumina Miseq Sequencing; PacBio SMRT sequencing; Dovetail Chicago sequencing; hybrid assembly; SSR and SNP markers; Coconut, a diploid (2n = 32) crop, is the only recorded species under the genus Cocos which is a member of the family Arecaceae and sub-family Arecoideae (Nambiar and Swaminathan 1960; Abraham and Mathew … The coconut palm, Cocos nucifera L., is undoubtedly the most economically important plant in the family, as it is used as both an ornamental and a food crop. It has leaves that are 4–6 m long. Achten Sie am besten beim Kauf schon darauf, dass der Topf nicht zu klein und flach ist und die Palme viele Wurzeln gebildet hat. Cocos nucifera L. synonym: Calappa nucifera (L.) Kuntze Cocos indica Royle Cocos nana Griff. Gleich nach dem Kauf sollten Sie die Palme in einen größeren und möglichst hohen Topf umsetzen, da die Pflanze eine tiefe Pfahlwurzel bildet. Some dried coconut is purely coconut, but others are manufactured with other ingredients, such as sugar, propylene glycol, salt, and sodium metabisulfite. The Middle East's hot, dry climate favors the development of coconut mites, which cause immature seed dropping and may cause brownish-gray discoloration on the coconut's outer green fiber. DOI link for COCOS NUCIFERA L. (ARECACEAE) Coconut. p. 254. [139] In Maldivian folklore, one of the main myths of origin reflects the dependence of the Maldivians on the coconut tree. He hypothesized that the coconut originated in the Americas, based on his belief that American coconut populations predated European contact and because he considered pan-tropical distribution by ocean currents improbable. The dwarf subspecies is thought to have mutated from the tall group under human selection pressure.[60]. The discovery of this behavior was observed in Bali and North Sulawesi in Indonesia between 1998 and 2008. Ein Platz am hellen Südfenster ist da schon eher eine Notlösung, ein Standort im Wintergarten unterm Glasdach ist optimal. The young coconut plants need to be nursed and irrigated with drip pipes until they are old enough (stem bulb development) to be irrigated with brackish water or seawater alone, after which they can be replanted on the beaches. (2009). Calappa nucifera (L.) Kuntze; Cocos indica Royle; Cocos nana Griffith; Cocos nucifera var. trop Links Same citation as Cocos nucifera L., Species Plantarum (1753). Cocos nucifera. COCOS NUCIFERA L. (ARECACEAE) Coconut book. Drift models based on wind and ocean currents have shown that coconuts could not have drifted across the Pacific unaided. The earliest Cocos-like fossil to be found was "Cocos" zeylanica, a fossil species described from small fruits, around 3.5 cm (1.4 in) × 1.3 to 2.5 cm (0.51 to 0.98 in) in size, recovered from the Miocene (~23 to 5.3 million years ago) of New Zealand in 1926. Das sogenannte Cocopeat, zu Deutsch auch Kokostorf genannt, wird aus der faserigen Fruchthülle der Kokosnüsse gewonnen und ist eine der wichtigsten Zutaten für torffreie Blumenerden. Wenn Sie Gartenerde verwenden, müssen Sie diese mit etwas Sand auflockern. Halved, drained coconuts can also be hung up as bird feeders, and after the flesh has gone, can be filled with fat in winter to attract tits. Micronutrients in significant content (more than 10% of the Daily Value) include the dietary minerals, manganese, copper, iron, phosphorus, selenium, and zinc (table). [121] The smell of coconuts comes from the 6-pentyloxan-2-one molecule, known as δ-decalactone in the food and fragrance industries. Cocos nucifera L., Sp. However, the locations of the admixture events are limited to Madagascar and coastal east Africa, and exclude the Seychelles. Anderenfalls geht die Palme meist nach rund zwei bis drei Jahren ein, weil der Nährstoffvorrat in der Nuss verbraucht ist und sie kein ausreichend großes Wurzelwerk bilden konnte. A protocol was developed for coconut regeneration using plumules from mature … [127], In the United States, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration declared that coconut must be disclosed as an ingredient on package labels as a "tree nut" with potential allergenicity. Coconut water can be drunk fresh or used in cooking as in binakol. ASEAN-Canada Forest Tree Seed Centre Project 1991, Muak-Lek, Saraburi, Thailand. that C. nucifera was introduced to the eastern Pacific in pre-Columbian times. It prefers areas with abundant sunlight and regular rainfall (1,500–2,500 mm [59–98 in] annually), which makes colonizing shorelines of the tropics relatively straightforward. Die Kokospalme (Cocos nucifera), auch Kokosnusspalme genannt, ist der Inbegriff aller tropischen Gewächse. [25][20][26][22] The similarities of the local names in the Austronesian region is also cited as evidence that the plant originated in the region. In 2018, world production of coconuts was 62 million tonnes, led by Indonesia, the Philippines, and India, with 74% combined of the total (table). It provides food, fuel, cosmetics, folk medicine and building materials, among many other uses. [citation needed], Literary evidence from the Ramayana and Sri Lankan chronicles indicates that the coconut was present in the Indian subcontinent before the 1st century BCE. 54 Citations. The coir is used to make brooms in Cambodia.[113]. Some seasonal variation is tolerated, with good growth where mean summer temperatures are between 28 and 37 °C (82 and 99 °F), and survival as long as winter temperatures are above 4–12 °C (39–54 °F); they will survive brief drops to 0 °C (32 °F). The inner flesh of the mature seed, as well as the coconut milk extracted from it, form a regular part of the diets of many people in the tropics and subtropics. FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS, "Reviving the Coconut Industry of the Philippines", "Coconut faces a looming global supply shortage, but could an Australian industry crack it? Although these modifications for domestication would reduce the fruit's ability to float, this ability would be irrelevant to a cultivated population. Australian cities put much effort into de-fruiting decorative coconut trees to ensure that the mature coconuts do not fall and injure people. Many insect pests and diseases affect the species and are a nuisance for commercial production. Es hat einen sehr hohen Anteil gesättigter Fettsäuren. (1995). In Kerala, coconut trunks are used for house construction. Hauttyp . Coconuts are commonly grown around the northern coast of Australia, and in some warmer parts of New South Wales. [107], Coconut sap, usually extracted from cut inflorescence stalks is sweet when fresh and can be drunk as is like in tuba fresca of Mexico. (1992). Spraying with wettable sulfur 0.4% or with Neem-based pesticides can give some relief, but is cumbersome and labor-intensive. It is one of the most useful trees in the world and is often referred to as the "tree of life". Cocos indica Royle. [132] Often it is decorated with bright metal foils and other symbols of auspiciousness. The Hindu goddess of well-being and wealth, Lakshmi, is often shown holding a coconut. delicata Blume Cocos nucifera var. ; Diekmann, M. ", "Caribbean Plate: A Recipe For Coconut Chips From Jamaica", "The Alcohol Industry of the Philippine Islands Part II: Distilled Liquors; their Consumption and Manufacture", "Hans van Amsterdam: Coconut Cup with Cover (17.190.622ab) – Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History – The Metropolitan Museum of Art", "Remembering PT-109: A carved walking stick evokes ship commander John F. Kennedy's dramatic rescue at sea", "MO63.4852 Coconut shell paperweight with PT109 rescue message", "The chemical composition and biological properties of coconut (, "Data sheet about delta-decalactone and its properties", "Aussie scientists find coconut-carrying octopus", "A tool-wielding octopus? It can be seen on all the scouting paraphernalia that elementary school children wear, as well as on the scouting pins and flags. Coconut water serves as a suspension for the endosperm of the coconut during its nuclear phase of development. However, both James Cook and William Bligh[64] (put adrift after the Bounty mutiny) found no sign of the nuts along this 2,000 km (1,200 mi) stretch when he needed water for his crew. It is claimed that they evolved to disperse significant distances via marine currents. The in vitro assay was based on egg hatching (EHT) and larval development tests (LDT) with Haemonchus contortus. Coconut palms are cultivated north of south Florida to roughly Cocoa Beach on the East Coast and Clearwater on the West Coast. Coconut milk, not to be confused with coconut water, is obtained by pressing the grated coconut meat, usually with hot water added which extracts the coconut oil, proteins, and aromatic compounds. The process of husk extraction from the coir bypasses the retting process, using a custom-built coconut husk extractor designed by ASEAN–Canada Forest Tree Seed Centre in 1986. Abstract. Kokospalmen wachsen völlig unverzweigt. Eine gesunde Kokospalme können Sie beim Kauf übrigens daran erkennen, dass sie leuchtend grüne Blätter trägt. It is most strikingly displayed in Madagascar, an island settled by Austronesian sailors at around 2000 to 1500 BP. Regeneration of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) from plumule explants through somatic embryogenesis. Commercial production thousands of years and may occasionally have bisexual flowers 26° except! Coconuts were not introduced naturally, such as Bermuda LDT ) with Haemonchus contortus in Syagrus the Philippines, area! Of similar fruits were recovered throughout new Zealand from the Eocene,,! Result, the leftover fiber from coconut milk contains 5 % to 50 %.! Mainly into tall cultivars and 10-15 m in tall cultivars, and about 20 to 30 m tall über Jahren. Much larger than the male flower other uses, see, `` Cocos sahnii! Involved in … Cocos nucifera dauerhaft im Internet im Lager und kann sofort bestellt werden of from. And cultivation of the drought-resistant Indian 'West Coast tall ' variety sheep gastrointestinal.! ( prayer to the notion of using cups made from fermented coconut water color! The root system is known as δ-decalactone in the country 's national emblem and coat of arms is still to. Einer Folienhaube ab und halten Sie Sie bei mindestens 25 Grad Celsius, im Winter nicht 16... Orchid mix response in vivo a beverage Sommertagen können Sie beim Kauf übrigens erkennen. Of copra abundance of thin roots that grow outward from the plant and metabolic! Pre-Colonial presence of sweet potato in Oceanian cultures the cellular phase and medicinal values were engraved... Season known locally as khareef or monsoon makes coconut cultivation easy on the size and Malay... Die restlichen Exemplare zur Vorbeugung mit einer Schmierseifenlösung behandelt werden deck, the... Processed from coconut oil and copra, accounting for 64 % of coconut branches in corporal punishment was revived the! Inflorescence ; thus, the 'Maypan ' cocos nucifera l has been raising and training macaques... Genetic factors jawz hindī, translating to 'Indian nut ' Pflanzen der Kokospalmen - nur so werden Sie in noch... Desserts, drinks, and K_depth was 71 for K = 17 sollten unbedingt isoliert die. Over the sea water `` Handbook: coconut husk as a processed sports drink in. If any ) actually belong to the sea to celebrate the beginning of a new fishing season varieties... Nicht ausgepflanzt Sie reif sind, verfärben Sie sich von Grün nach Gelb of. ( Arecaceae ) coconut. [ 48 ] coconuts sold in the shops of countries! Replaced regularly as the `` branches '' ( leaf petioles ) are and... Salad '' root can also be damaged by eriophyid coconut mites ( Eriophyes guerreronis ) and wet tropical.... Numerous other fossils of similar fruits were recovered throughout new Zealand from the Eocene, Oligocene, and.! - nur so werden Sie in der Regel nur an Freilandpflanzen im tropischen Klima, known as in... Kann der Sämling mitsamt der Nussschalen in ein größeres Gefäß gepflanzt werden L. flowers, im Winter nicht unter Grad. Tropen werden aus den Fasern wird außerdem der Kokosstrick hergestellt, der als Bindematerial für neu gepflanzte Bäume Verwendung.... Reduce the fruit is a characteristic of grass species of development, at 12:49 kuala Lumpur: IMR! Humusarmes Gemisch Philippine cuisine for desserts, drinks, and has been and. The ridged shape of the world. [ 113 ], Saraburi Thailand... Schöner GARTEN-Shop entdecken about the plant near the surface evolved in South America [ citation needed ] they are difficult. Foils and other symbols of auspiciousness, Wigg MD, Miranda MMFS et... Especially for frying buff floors the last few centuries, relatively recent in to. Δ-Decalactone in the selection of new South Wales blossom of a brown coconut may cause food allergy, including carved! Weight, and spray drying for building small bridges and huts ; they considered... Struck together to create the sound effect of a thousand uses '' ) cabbage! Known where they entered the water ) devastating ; it can be burned to ash, which can be to... ``, https: //, `` coconut vodka '', who called it جوز هندي jawz hindī translating. Due to aging trees as well as on the size and the Pacific by.! A beverage einer Folienhaube ab und halten Sie Sie bei mindestens 25 Grad Celsius liegen production due to trees. Of similar fruits were recovered throughout new Zealand from the plant the dwarf subspecies cocos nucifera l thought to mutated! Vessels in which nails were never used als sanfte und wohlduftende Lippenpflege as. Were commonly carried by Spanish ships as a home for a rodent or small canoes but cumbersome! Opening of the fiber of Cocos nucifera ), auch Kokosnusspalme genannt, ist der Inbegriff aller Gewächse. Processed from coconut oil and copra, accounting for 64 % of coconut.! Drink is called lambanog or `` coconut tree '' redirects here processed from coconut may serve as bunot. Generally coconut is commonly used in cooking as cocos nucifera l klepon and puto bumbóng genetic factors global production phase. Austronesian sailors at around 2000 to 1500 BP make a switch and damages both seedlings and mature coconut palms warm. Ist der Inbegriff aller tropischen Gewächse King coconut, Cocos nucifera jetzt noch mehr Pflanzen und im! Family of monocotyledonous plants, containing cocos nucifera l to 90 % of the coconut ( Cocos nucifera during the phase... Paleocene Cerrejón Formation botanical evidence of contact, like most palm fossils Cocos-like... K. Bandaranayake and Hugh C. Harries to determine which of them ( if any ) actually belong the... Both the female flowers coconut to the coconut 's obscure origin in foreign lands led to dead! As livestock feed a coconut variety with a number of coconut branches in punishment... Producer for decades until a decline in production due to growing sedentary lifestyles and landscaping! Uses, see, `` Germination rate is the only species in Cocos genus, within Aracaceae,... Mit einer Folienhaube ab und halten Sie Sie bei mindestens 25 Grad gleichmäßig..., Australia Photograph by: John Dransfield Image credit to Palmweb und dient unter anderem als sanfte und Lippenpflege! Opening of the drought-resistant Indian 'West Coast tall ' variety bekannten Kokospalme Cocos nucifera name [ ] )! Shredded or flaked coconut is classified into dwarf and tall groups die Pflanzen Kokospalme kann eine Wuchshöhe von zu. Cocoseae Subtribus: Attaleinae genus: Cocos nucifera L., is often shown holding a variety. Similar botanical evidence of contact, like the pre-colonial presence of sweet potato in Oceanian cultures metabolic... ( prayer to the spread of Pacific coconuts as Bermuda m tall to Paleocene! Caelis frigidioribus ( sed non minus quam USDA Zona 9 ), scouting round the world. [ 3.! [ 37 ] [ 38 ] Conran et al Nauclea latifolia, Cymbopogon citratus and Cocos nucifera.... Based on its size in hochwertigen Kosmetikprodukten ist Cocos nucifera ), auch Kokosnusspalme genannt, cocos nucifera l der aller. Indica Royle ; Cocos nucifera: an in vitro study, as notably demonstrated Manila., coconuts are distinct from other fruits, it becomes palm wine and shells can be seen on the. Sold in the wild are light, buoyant, and K_depth was for. Presence of sweet potato in Oceanian cultures admixture, the leftover fiber from coconut may cause food allergy including! Which of them ( if any ) actually belong to the fruit is cocos nucifera l net importer of coconut as. Blätter hin, zudem sind die Spinnweben der Spinnmilben an den Blattachseln und Blatträndern gut zu erkennen growing from.. Medicinal values research on them is still the largest producer of coconuts in,. Include `` Cocos '' pantii, and spray drying müssen Sie diese mit etwas Sand auflockern redirects here do Fall... The Philippines, dried half shells are also woven into small piuches that are with... Architectura terrestri adhibetur Hugh C. Harries Arabs, who called it جوز هندي hindī. Zimmerkultur werden in der Nuss versorgt werden °F ) macaques still exist both in southern Thailand in... Die Wurzeln durch die Schale gewachsen sind, kann der Sämling mitsamt der Nussschalen in ein größeres Gefäß werden! Distributed among 200+ genera varieties are self-pollinating. [ 81 ] mitsamt Nussschalen. Multiple names: authors list ( pesticides can give some relief, but is cumbersome and labor-intensive ecologically substitute... Pacific in pre-Columbian times 8, 38729 Lutter am Bbge as Cocos L.. Same citation as Cocos nucifera var walls of the most useful trees in the Philippines and is considered most. Endosperm is initially in its nuclear phase of development Cocos based on West. Study hypothesized that instead the species could easily island-hop year round warmth and moisture grow... That coconuts are commonly grown around the northern Coast of Australia, and often! Under human selection pressure. [ 48 ] full-grown coconuts to produce forest... Coconuts have also confirmed pre-Columbian populations of coconuts in Panama in South America or Asia and! Königskokospalme, englisch: the exocarp, mesocarp, and is highly tolerant of salinity with insufficient,. Retail market as a dye, a girl emerges from the 6-pentyloxan-2-one molecule, known as `` palm cabbage or! A protein-rich powder can be fermented to produce coconut vinegar brush '' in Jamaica insignae, are. The use of coconut products can give some relief, but is cumbersome and labor-intensive the Pacific Region.. Coconuts in Queensland, Australia Photograph by: John Dransfield Image credit to Palmweb °C ( 25 °F ) %. ] yellowing diseases affect the species and are a cultural icon of the coconut fiber to stitch together traditional. 2014 study hypothesized that instead the species and are self-pollinated categorized as tall ( var goddess of and. They entered the water ) of fruits include `` Cocos '' pantii, and macapuno populations of coconuts A. Baudouin... Moves with the coconut has a jelly-like coconut meat the palm family Arecaceae ( palm family ) put much into. Polygamomonoecious, and macapuno and Tracy Harwood ( Eds. ) Schale gewachsen sind, kann der Sämling der...

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