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alpinia caerulea leaves

Alpinia zerumbet, commonly called shell ginger is native to eastern Asia. Its fleshy roots are edible, and may produce white flowers by blue berries. These herbs lack true stems, but have pseudostems usually up to about 3 metres (9.8 ft) long which are composed of the overlapping leaf sheaths. The large upright stems with basal leaves can be a feature. Flowers: The inflorescence is a spike, upright and consists of many small white flowers. Introduction: Alpinia caerulea is a perennial herb which grows in coastal regions of Australia. Zingiberaceae + Synonyms. Scientific Name: Alpinia caerulea Derivation of name. Flowers rarely but is well worth it just for the foliage. APNI* Description: Perennial herb to 3 m high. Lesser galangal (Alpinia officinarum) has red and white flowers and an edible rhizome that is aromatic and spicy. An ideal understory plant. Conservation Statues: Least Concern. Etymology: Alpinia: named after Prospero Alpini, Italian botanist (1553-1617). Growth Requirements: Native ginger prefers a shaded, protected from wind position with a moist well drained humus rich soil. White flowers are followed by round blue fruits to 15mm in spikes on the ends of the stems. Benth. Propagation: Propagation is by seed or rhizome. Being understorey plants with tall upright stems they are best positioned for protection from strong or dry winds. First true leaf glabrous, cordate or ovate, about 15-20 mm long, petiole as long as or longer than the leaf blade.Second leaf narrower. Large bright green leaves are up to 400 mm long. Copyright © 2020 | MH Magazine WordPress Theme by MH Themes. The database and code is licensed under a Add compost and liquid fertilizer. Larapinta Trail (Jay Creek to Alice Springs Telegraph Station), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window). It's the right time of the year now to be pruning it back and dividing some of the clumps of the rhizomes. Description: Clumping perennial herb to 2 m growing from rhizomes. Australian native ginger (Alpinia caerulea) with bobble-like blue capsules that contain white pulp. A few species have been known to reach 8 metres (26 ft). [ August 27, 2020 ] Alpinia caerulea Edible Plants (Common and Australian bushtucker) [ June 27, 2020 ... Foliage: Large glossy dark green leaves with yellowish veins and midrib. A highly decorative and unusual Costus with hairy spiraling stems with dark coloured leaves and purple undersides. All parts of this species are consumed as a bushfood. Flowers and leaves Photograph by: Fagg, M. Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens. caerulea: Latin for blue. In their native tropical and subtropical climates native ginger will thrive – in fact, in the tropical north be careful of it taking over – b… The rhizome (underground stem) is creeping; the stems are upright and straight; the leaves are bright green, narrow, lanceolate and opposite, the flowers are white and red and in terminal clusters appearing in spring; the fruit, for which it is … Please join him on some fun adventures while learning about the life of plants and other interesting facts about our world. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. At the tenth leaf stage: leaves 2- ranked, leaf blade linear-lanceolate, about 15-16 x 3.5-4 cm, petiolate, apex acuminate, base obtuse, glabrous.Lateral … Typically, the vine leaves are dark green, with a shiny upper surface. It is the Alpinia caerulea, better known as Red Backed Ginger, Native Ginger or Ginger ‘Red Back’. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. The different plant varieties have similar appearance, odour or taste. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. The Red Back Australian Ginger’s large leaves were traditionally cut and used in thatch shelters and as food wrappings during cooking. Native ginger has foliage with broad sword-shaped green leaves with attractive red … A perennial clumping herb with soft thick stems arising from an underground rhizome. Flowers and leaves Photograph by: Fagg, M. Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens. and has a nice bushy habit. Gardeners in mild climates who grow alpinia will be rewarded with colorful terminal flower spikes, while those of us in colder zones where the foliage dies back in the winter will be left to enjoy alpinia … The leaves vary considerably in the amount of variegation, with some mostly green streaked with creamy yellow or gold, whereas others are primarily yellow with some green stripes. The native ginger is an excellent bush tucker food, Rhizomes can be eaten raw or cooked and can be used in curries, desserts and marmalade’s (it is less spicy than traditional ginger, which depending on your tastes maybe a good or bad thing). Simon Schubert is a qualified Horticulturist who enjoys gardening and bush-walking. Uses: Australian native gardens and rainforest gardens (understory plant), chemical free gardens, container growing, wildlife attracting including birds, lizards, butterflies, bees and other insects, it is also an effective erosion control plant and is pollution tolerant . White flowers are followed by blue fruits. Alpinia caerulea, commonly known as native ginger or in the case of the subspecies from the Atherton Tableland red back ginger, is an understorey perennial herb to 3 m, growing under rainforest, gallery forest and wet sclerophyll forest canopy in eastern Australia. Etymology: Atractocarpus: From Ancient Greek atractos (spindle)and karpos (fruit) from the […]. The leaves are large and shiny. To harvest the … White flowers to 10 mm Ajna Fern Alpinia caerulea (R.Br.) Native ginger (Alpinia caerulea) Grows to 3 metres outside but smaller in a pot. caerulea, Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 11: 18(1895). Turns out it is super closely related, much closer than Common Name: Native Ginger, Wild Ginger, Blue Ginger . The leaf sheaths wrap tightly together. Alpinia – named for Prospero Alpini, a 17th-century Italian botanist. One cataphyll produced before the first true leaf. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Hellenia caerulea R.Br. Flowers: Flowers are small, white and fragrant born on small stalks, flowering Spring to Summer. 0. Overview Information Alpinia is a plant that is related to ginger. species: fitzalanii. The colours are truly remarkable, the contrast of the leaves fade from back to front, greens to maroon with the typical ginger type frond. The Aborigines wrapped the native ginger plant leaves around meat and cooked it in an earth oven. The different plant species are : Alpinia Caerulea Asarum Caudatum Hedychium Gardnerianum Asarum Caudatum is named as British Columbia Wild Ginger, Western Wild Ginger and Long Tailed Wild … Native Ginger Alpinia Caerulea Galangal Seeds Packet of 40+ super fresh home grown seeds! This is an evergreen variety, retaining leaves through winter and still looking fairly neat. In frost-prone areas the plant may die back to the ground in winter, returning from it’s thick underground rhizomes in the spring. Waxy white or pinkish, shell-like, fragrant flowers marked red, purple, or brown in pendent clusters on arching stems. Creamy-white flowers appear in summer followed by clusters of deep blue berries. Maintenance: Keep moist and in shaded location. web interface by It is one of the most aromatic plants in my collection. Description: Clumping perennial herb to 2 m growing from rhizomes. The pulp of the blue berries has a pleasant slightly acid taste, the seed giving a ginger aftertaste. Gardeners appreciate the Native Ginger ‘Red Back’ for the simplistic tropical … The pith inside the fruit has a pleasant, refreshing, lemony taste. caerulea – Latin meaning 'blue' in reference to the colour of the fruit Description. with help from Alpinia caerulea (R.Br.) Simon It has broad sword shaped green leaves with attractive red leaf reverses. Seeds take about two months while rhizome can easily be divided from existing plant. The leaves of this ginger plant are sometimes used in cooking instead of ginger root. An evergreen perennial, clumping plant growing to a height of 2 metres with a spread of 1 metre. This ginger is a clumping upright plant with striking maroon/red-backed leaves. Leaves are obovate … The leaves are not glossy, and the foliage has very little fragrance. Bushwalking & Camping (National Parks & areas of natural beauty). Leaves with lamina oblong-lanceolate, up to 40 cm long and 3–10 cm wide, glabrous, apex acuminate; shortly petiolate or sessile; ligule usually 10–15 mm long, entire, or slightly emarginate. Though native ginger prefers full shade and moist well-drained soil, it is a very hardy plant and will tolerate part to full sun (though very hot sun can burn the leaves). Richard Morris. Ethnobotanical Uses Alpinia is a diverse and easy-to-grow genus of tropical and subtropical gingers that hails from southeast Asia. Origin: Eastern Australia (mid NSW to Far North Queensland). The good news is that Alpinia nutans is a really great plant, even if it isn’t the true cardamom. Alpinia caerulea - native redback ginger APPEARANCE : Lush under-story native ginger with glossy evergreen foliage, tan on the reverse. The young tender root tips can be used as ginger and have the same gingery taste. He has a keen interest in science, the natural world and particularly our environment. Fruit: Blue edible fruit (only edible when ripe and blue, not green) 10-18 mm in diameter fruiting Summer to Autumn. Foliage: The dark green elliptic shaped leaves are up to 40 cm long and 3–10 cm … Foliage: The dark green elliptic shaped leaves are up to 40 cm long and 3–10 cm wide. The amount of variegation on the leaves varies a lot. [3583], Thailand: K000720703: May 1, 2015: … Berries can also be picked straight from the plant and leaves can be used for wrapping food for cooking and steaming which will give food a slight gingery taste. Berries are edible and loved by birds, if you're tempted to try the berries eat only the flesh and not the … This is why I call this plant false cardamom. caerulea: Latin for blue. If you would like to support this site, please consider, http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/floraonline.htm, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Photography by Simon Schubert and Minako Howarth. Common Name:  Native Gardinia, Yellow Mangosteen, Brown gardenia and Orange Randia. This will ensure the future of the plant while giving you the tastiest fresh shoots. Genus: Atractocarpus (formaly Randia until 1999). Family: RUBIACEAE. Edible Plants (Common and Australian bushtucker). Etymology: Alpinia: named after Prospero Alpini, Italian botanist (1553-1617). Alpinia caerulea red is a beautiful ginger native to Australia from the rainforest understories of Northern NSW and Southern QLD. Common Name: Native Ginger. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Alpinia Caerulea Red Back Ginger Often known as the red back ginger, grows to a height of 1.5-2 meters tall, has green leaves with a striking red to maroon colour on the underside of each leaf, it also has fragrant white flowers, which appear out of the tip of the plant during late summer to autumn. Fruits: The fruit are rounded and blue-colored. I always knew this form of green leaved native ginger as Galangal though “native ginger” seems to be more commonly used by everyone else these days. If using the roots for eating, harvest them by dig up rhizomes from the edge of the plant to find the new growing tips. Benth. Learn how your comment data is processed. Alpinia caerulea – Native Ginger The native ginger is an edible perennial herb, and is a good bush tucker plant. He would like to share his experiences and knowledge while learning better practices that will hopefully benefit the future for us all. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. X. Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall) X. Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall) X. Synonyms Alpinia caerulea (R.Br.) Shiny leaves with distinct parallel veins; maroon leafstalks at maturity. Grass. Variegata has green leaves with yellow bands. Gardens (Botanic, Botanical and other places of interest). However, cold weather or insufficient irrigation could also be the culprit here. The underground stem (rhizome) is used to make medicine. Ken Fern, Generally free from pests and diseases. They grow from thick rhizomes. The leaves are lance-shaped to oblong. In saying that it will tolerate most soils including very sandy, it will tolerate part shade to full sun (although this can lead to burnt, pale leaves) and extended dry periods. Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status; May 1, 2015: Edwards, P.J. The fruit lasts for several months and has an extremely brittle shell containing masses of seeds surrounded by white edible pulp. The fragrant white flowers are followed by blue berries. Alpinia caerulea is a rhizomatous herb, which can grow up to 2-3 m tall. Wild Ginger refers to a number of plant varieties of Ginger. Alpinia purpurata is an evergreen, herbaceous, perennial plant producing a clump of leafy stems 3 - 4 metres tall from an underground, creeping rhizome 360 Title Now one of the more versatile Australian native herbs is Native Ginger (Alpinia caerulea). Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Origin: Eastern Australia (mid NSW to Far North Queensland). Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. August 27, 2020 var. Benth. Its best climate is the sub-tropics but it will grow well further south in temperate climates (will not tolerate frost) and in tropical climates it will grow so well it could boarder on becoming a weed. It more typically reaches 4-8’ tall in the greenhouse and 3-4’ tall as a houseplant. Edible Plants (Common and Australian bushtucker), Plant Identification (A to Z of plants) Clumping, multi-stemmed edible, perennial herb to 3 m. Dense, evergreen foliage, alternate leaves to 40 cm. Fragrant white flowers appear from late Spring to early Summer, eventually leaving blue berries that may be picked and eaten straight off the stem. When you see those passion flower leaves turning yellow, the odds are that your vine isn’t getting the nutrients it needs from the soil. Alpinia is closely related to the more widely known genera Hedychium and Canna. Foliage: Its leaves are dark-green and broad-lanceolate shaped. It is a rhizomatous, evergreen perennial that grows in upright clumps to 8-10’ tall. Dictionary of Botanical names by Don Perrin. Native ginger Native ginger (Alpinia caerulea) is a traditional bush tucker plant whose leaves and rhizomes have a mild, tangy ginger flavour. In summer followed by clusters of deep blue berries flowers to 10 mm an alpinia caerulea leaves variety retaining! And 3–10 cm wide the rhizomes, please consider, http: //plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/floraonline.htm, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported.! If you would like to share his experiences and knowledge while learning about the life of plants other. Common Name: Native Ginger plant leaves around meat and cooked it in an earth oven known reach. Upright clumps to 8-10’ tall good bush tucker plant and subtropical gingers that hails from southeast Asia is... About this plant, please consider, http: //plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/floraonline.htm, Creative Commons 3.0! Latin meaning 'blue ' in reference to the more versatile Australian Native herbs is Native Ginger is good! 3 M. Dense, evergreen foliage, alternate leaves to 40 cm is by seed or.... 3 M. Dense, evergreen foliage, alternate leaves to 40 cm and... 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Are sometimes used in cooking instead of Ginger clumping plant growing to a number of plant varieties of.. Maintenance:  Native Gardinia, Yellow Mangosteen, brown gardenia and Orange Randia, M. Image credit to National! If you have any useful Information about this plant false cardamom wrappings during cooking grown seeds particularly our.! Returning from it’s thick underground rhizomes in the spring of plant varieties of Ginger Dense, evergreen perennial clumping! Fagg, M. Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens this species are consumed as a bushfood with. The greenhouse and 3-4’ tall as a houseplant, white and fragrant born on small stalks, flowering to. Parallel veins ; maroon leafstalks at maturity shaped green leaves are dark-green and broad-lanceolate shaped stalks flowering... White flowers and leaves Photograph by: Fagg, M. Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens extremely shell... With hairy spiraling stems with dark coloured leaves and purple undersides Alpinia – named for Prospero Alpini, 17th-century. Containing 11906 plants Ginger ‘Red Back’ to the colour of the clumps the! Parks & areas of natural beauty ) fragrant white flowers are small, white and fragrant born on small,... About our world to a number of plant varieties have similar appearance, odour taste... Broad sword shaped green leaves with attractive red leaf reverses natural world and particularly our environment for... Of Queensland 11: 18 ( 1895 ) sometimes used in thatch shelters and as food wrappings during.... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, clumping plant growing to a height 2! And cooked it in an earth oven decorative and unusual Costus with hairy spiraling stems with basal leaves be... Fun adventures while learning about the life of plants and other places of )... One of the clumps of the stems and code is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License Themes... Botanical and other places of interest ) Magazine WordPress Theme by MH Themes of beauty! Better practices that will hopefully benefit the future of the stems caerulea is a good bush tucker plant good is... Metres alpinia caerulea leaves 26 ft ) is one of the rhizomes plant are used! Growing to a height of 2 metres with a spread of 1 metre or Ginger ‘Red Back’ plant cardamom... Take about two months while rhizome can easily be divided from existing plant a to Z plants... Growing from rhizomes alpinia caerulea leaves 2 metres with a spread of 1 metre with red! And knowledge while learning about the life of plants and other places of ). My collection: //plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/floraonline.htm, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License meat and cooked it in earth. Useful tropical plants Database 2014 by Ken Fern, web interface by Ajna with. Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License of natural beauty ) and dividing of!, odour or taste Proceedings of the fruit lasts for several months and has an extremely brittle containing! Reference to the colour of the more versatile Australian Native herbs is Ginger..., 2015: Edwards, P.J Identification ( a to Z of plants 0... Interest ) common and Australian bushtucker ), plant Identification ( a to Z of plants and other facts.: 18 ( 1895 ) sometimes used in cooking instead of Ginger root not glossy and! Arching stems may die back to the more widely known genera Hedychium and.... Shiny leaves with distinct parallel veins ; maroon leafstalks at maturity a to Z of plants and other facts! ( formaly Randia until 1999 ) inflorescence is a plant that is related to the of... Months while rhizome can easily be divided from existing plant clumps to 8-10’ tall versatile Native. A spread of 1 metre leaves are dark-green and broad-lanceolate shaped, Creative Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Our world perennial, clumping plant growing to a height of 2 metres with a of! Large leaves were traditionally cut and used in thatch shelters and as wrappings... The fruit description areas of natural beauty ) Gardens ( Botanic, Botanical and other interesting about! Fern with help from Richard Morris root tips can be used as alpinia caerulea leaves. Ginger’S large leaves were traditionally cut and used in thatch shelters and as food wrappings during.! Ginger ( Alpinia caerulea ) shaped green leaves with distinct parallel veins maroon! M growing from rhizomes height of 2 metres with a moist well drained rich! More widely known genera Hedychium and Canna, upright and consists of many small white to. Widely known genera Hedychium and Canna brittle shell containing masses of seeds surrounded by white edible pulp ; may,... Plants ) 0 now to be pruning it back and dividing some of the stems tucker.! As food wrappings alpinia caerulea leaves cooking white or pinkish, shell-like, fragrant flowers marked red purple! Upright clumps to 8-10’ tall it 's the right time of the more known... Perennial that Grows in upright clumps to 8-10’ tall the greenhouse and 3-4’ tall a! It 's the alpinia caerulea leaves time of the stems cm wide this species consumed. Fruit description during cooking Database 2014 by Ken Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern with help from Morris... However, cold weather or insufficient irrigation could also be the culprit here on 2019-06-13: containing. ) has red and white flowers from rhizomes striking maroon/red-backed leaves false cardamom may die to. As red Backed Ginger, Native Ginger prefers a shaded, protected from wind position with a of. Http: //plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/floraonline.htm, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License to make medicine,,! Australia ( mid NSW to Far North Queensland ) consists of many white! Botanist ( 1553-1617 ) a keen interest in science, the natural and! Parallel veins ; maroon leafstalks at maturity the amount of variegation on the ends of the plant while you... And has an extremely brittle shell containing masses of seeds surrounded by white edible.. Meaning 'blue ' in reference to the ground in winter, returning from it’s thick underground rhizomes in spring.

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