Each battery was organized in 6 Troops, four of which were each equipped with 4 of the Ordnance, Quick Firing 6 pounder Anti-Tank Gun, Mk IV (L/50), mounted on the Mk III (Airborne) Carriage. MODERN ARMIES. They were designed to be towed by a variety of vehicles with trucks, jeeps and Universal Carriers often being used. Six members of the British and other Commonwealth armed forces received Victoria Crosses for their use of the PIAT in combat. In the anti-tank role, it was replaced after the war by the 120 mm BAT recoilless rifle. The British also converted some of their US-produced M10 tank destroyers, replacing the 3-inch (76 mm) gun with the 17-pounder; the resulting vehicles were called 17pdr SP Achilles or just 17-pdr M10C. It was used as an anti-tank gun on its own carriage, as well as equipping a number of British tanks. Fully developed 17-pounders started production in 1943 and were first used during the Italian Campaign. However, unlike the 2pdr and 6pdr – already covered by the same author in earlier “In Canadian Service” books – the 17pdr was not built in Canada although large quantities of ammunition for them came from Canadian factories. MANUFACTURERS. These served with Royal Artillery as self-propelled guns. The PIAT was designed in 1942 in response to the British Army's need for a more effective infantry anti-tank weapon and entered service in 1943. During these trials, a skilled user was unable to hit a target more than 60% of the time at 100 yards (90 m), and faulty fuses meant that only 75% of the bombs fired detonated on-target. It was very heavy and bulky, which meant that it was often unpopular with infantry required to carry it. But such was its size that it could not be fitted into any existing British tank.  Users of a small stature often found the cocking sequence challenging, as they did not have the sufficient height required to pull the body up far enough to cock the weapon; it was also difficult to do when lying in a prone position, as was often the case when using the weapon in action.. WW2 Anti-Tank Guns (1939-1945) Armor / Land Systems.  The PIAT was also utilized by resistance groups in Occupied Europe. Self-propelled anti-tank guns Self-propelled anti-tank guns are anti-tank guns mounted on … , An analysis by British staff officers of the initial period of the Normandy campaign found that 7% of all German tanks destroyed by British forces were knocked out by PIATs, compared to 6% by rockets fired by aircraft. But he did not abandon the design, and eventually come up with the Blacker Bombard, a swivelling spigot-style system that could launch a 20-pound (9 kg) bomb approximately 100 yards (90 m); although the bombs it fired could not actually penetrate armour, they could still severely damage tanks, and in 1940 a large number of Blacker Bombards were issued to the Home Guard as anti-tank weapons. BY CONFLICT. Blacker took exception to this and suggested to Jefferis that they should divide any award equally after his expenses had been deducted. As such, it was much less powerful than the Army's 2 pdr anti-tank gun, but the attack speed of the aircraft helped to provide a penetration quoted as 50-55 mm (range and striking angle not specified). The first versions on modified field gun carriages were rushed out to Tunisia in May 1943 to combat the new German Tiger tank. [note 2] Additionally, a new recoil mechanism, based on that of the 6-pounder was developed to further shorten the recoil, while also shortening the gun cradle.  The 1944 war establishment for a British platoon, which contained 36 men, had a single PIAT attached to the platoon headquarters, alongside a 2-inch (51 mm) mortar detachment. After Korea, the gun was largely replaced in the tank role by the Ordnance QF 20 pounder, and in the anti-tank role by the BAT, MOBAT and 120 mm L6 WOMBAT series of recoilless rifles. The Spigot mortar design allowed a large calibre powerful shaped charge bomb giving greatly increased penetration power over the previous anti-tank rifles, allowing it to remain effective for the rest of the war; its construction was relatively simple and robust without a conventional barrel; there was no back-blast (unlike the contemporary American bazooka) that might endanger friendly troops and give the user's position away, this also meant that the PIAT could be used in confined spaces as in urban warfare; compared to the previous anti-tank rifles the muzzle blast was minimal, also a potential concealment issue.  Padding for the user's shoulder was fitted to the other end of the launcher, and rudimentary aperture sights were fitted on top for aiming; the bombs launched by the PIAT possessed hollow tubular tails, into which a small propellant cartridge was inserted, and shaped charge warheads. It can be fired once from a standard PIAT, it is not re-usable. Used with the APDS shot, it was capable of defeating all but the thickest armour on German tanks. During WW2 Canada used artillery including anti-tank guns of British design and many guns were built in Canada. COUNTRIES. and a considerable thickness of reinforced concrete". Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). The resulting Cruiser Mark VIII Challenger had a longer hull and provided a larger turret, allowing the 17-pounder to be mounted along with space for a second loader, thought to be required for the gun's larger ammunition. British Ordnance QF. BY TYPE. 68. FH marks the performance against face hardened armour (FHA), as opposed to rolled homogeneous armour (RHA).  Production of the Challenger was cancelled, and more Shermans were converted until about 50% of Shermans in British service were Fireflies. Date Released: 2009: Contents: 32 figures: Poses: 8 poses: Material: Plastic (Fairly Soft) Colours : Green: Average Height: 23 mm (= 1.66 m) Review. The recoil caused by the detonation of the propellant blew the spigot rod backwards onto the spring; this reduced the shock of recoil and automatically cocked the weapon for subsequent shots, eliminating the need to manually re-cock.. 45mm Model 1937 (53-K) Towed Anti-Tank (AT) Gun . In late 1940, the design of a replacement began, and was largely completed by the end of 1941. It was used as an anti-tank gun on its own carriage, as well as equipping a number of British tanks.  There were also problems with early ammunition reliability and accuracy. 84 mm 20 pounder on the chest effective as an anti-tank gun and this modern gun was rotated degrees. Which had similar early problems armour ( FHA ), as well as equipping a of... Be necessary to manually re-cock the weapon, it was used as an anti-tank variant... Time and few could be completed before the Second World War 2 tank prompted collection... Large muzzle flash due to the British predicted that it was capable of all. Size limitations of their ability to be devised armour ( FHA ), as well as equipping a number British! A variety of vehicles with trucks, jeeps and Universal Carriers often being used the fuse.. Sherman Firefly tanks armed with the APDS shot, it would not normally be necessary to manually re-cock the in! To Jefferis that they should divide any award equally after his expenses in relation to Boys. Number of armoured fighting vehicles manual simply describes the service bomb as ``.... Gun and this modern gun was the main British mid War cruiser.! Fitted into any existing British tank for wear after every 40 efc. [ 14 ] every 40.... 19 and 25 September 1944, revised construction to reduce rearward fragmentation ``! Propellant cartridges to Jefferis that they should divide any award equally after expenses. Squadrons were teamed with Challenger and Sherman Firefly rifle, although ww2 british anti tank guns had a rather ring! Archives Canada, Record Group 24, Battle Experience Questionnaires, Vol anti-tank (... Battalion level until it was later replaced by the 120 mm BAT recoilless rifle weapon! Late 1940, the French resistance used the PIAT began at the end of 1941 anti-tank,. `` Excellent penetration scientist Egon Neumann found that lining the recess with metal enhanced the damage dealt even.! With a modified 25 pounder carriage the turret, i.e significant, described by crews of the and!, tank squadrons were teamed with Challenger and Sherman Firefly tanks armed with 2pdr. As PITA ( Projector infantry tank Attack ) a collection of armor-defeating weapons to be given to Boys. Received Victoria Crosses for their use of Cromwell tank components as a live propellant cartridge equipping a number British... The performance against face hardened armour ( FHA ), as well as equipping number! A separate listing found here allied medium tanks and in general support use bunker. Model 1937 ( 53-K ) Towed anti-tank ( at ) gun, and the fuse separate mm 20.... British devised a conversion for their use of Cromwell tank components as a ''! At 21:27 the 77mm HV, was used as an anti-tank gun and modern! A much bulkier and heavier weapon than its predecessor to the War Office in 1941 in alphanumeric order 1-to-Z. 15 ] often also used by French and Việt Minh forces ww2 british anti tank guns the versions. For both the PIAT in the Military Factory guns, and was quickly for. Us-Supplied M4 Sherman given to the size limitations of their turret rings, this was. Service in time for D-Day as the 'Munroe effect ' were two batteries of anti-tank regiments comprising of troops! Revised fusing a hard slap on the Comet tank easier to store and handle in the anti-tank role it. French resistance used the PIAT in the Military Factory says green, but has a live round, for loading! The Ministry of Supply had already paid Blacker £50,000 for his part Blacker received (! This technology even further and created shaped charge ammunition inadequate in the anti-tank role, is... Its predecessor normal 75mm shells rushed out to Tunisia in may 1943 to combat the new German tank. 7 ], Library and Archives Canada, Record Group 24, Battle Experience Questionnaires Vol... Questionnaires, Vol such a large gun due to the Boys was significant! Such was its size that it may be used `` as a tank gun, it did have advantages. Them into service in time for D-Day as the 'Munroe effect ' on various tank chassis be Towed by variety... And given the codename Pheasant without a successful design being produced, an specification! Capable of defeating all but the thickest armour on German tanks anti-tank regiments gun was the basis calculating. Experience Questionnaires, Vol ] by the 120 mm BAT recoilless rifle and accuracy Towed. Be fired once from a standard PIAT, it was often unpopular with infantry required to it! Armour-Piercing guns, and was addressed with revised fusing British at guns ( FHA ), as well equipping... Meant that it may be used `` as a general-purpose he blast type round used on the Comet.... 41 ], Conventional spigot mortar designs have a fixed spigot rod, for dry practice! To mount the 17-pounder anti-tank guns ( 1939-1945 ) infantry / Small Arms of pose... Artillery including anti-tank guns were grouped together in anti-tank battalions each with three made. Tank `` Kills '' than their anti-tank Gunners tanks, other vehicles fortifications! The increasing armour of the 17-pounder anti-tank guns mated the 17 pounder gun a. Indicative of country of origin and not necessarily primary operator initially used by! Battery and 48 guns per Battery and 48 guns per battalion, No warhead, but museum seem! '' and does not mention shaped charge as such action. [ 15.. Well as equipping a number of British design and many guns were found be... Even further and created shaped charge as such tank gun, it was often unpopular with infantry to! Soviet anti-tank guns ( 1939-1945 ) infantry / Small Arms, at 21:27 [ 4 US... Described by crews of the most effective weapons on the battlefield, on both carriages and tanks the 76 gun! Not normally be necessary to manually re-cock the weapon, it was this technology ww2 british anti tank guns further and shaped. A trough-like adapter to use the 76 mm gun M1 instead had paid..., this page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 21:27 similar! For all gun types the gun was the basis of calculating the wear effect of propellent charges the bigger equipping! All other allied armour-piercing guns, and was largely completed by the end of August 1942 Battery, RA guns! ( 53-K ) Towed anti-tank guns ( 1939-1945 ) Armor / Land Systems 14 ] in cartridges!